Discussion: Fitness Program Considerations
Evidence shows that physical activity is essential for attaining the highest quality of life throughout the life span. Physical activity benefits people of both sexes, all ages, and a variety of medical conditions. Recommendations for physical activity need to address an individual’s specific needs and situation, including age, safety, and any special considerations. Strategies for improving fitness need to be appropriate for different groups to ensure a safe and effective fitness program. Fitness professionals must be prepared and willing to work with individuals with a variety of medical conditions.
To prepare for this Discussion:
- Review the article “Population Specific Health and Fitness Issues.” Consider how the specific characteristics of a population impact their approach to fitness.
- Review the article “Exercise and Physical Activity for Older Adults.” Thing about how physical activity changes throughout the life span.
- Use the Walden Library and Learning Resources and reputable online resources to research the fitness considerations for the population you are assigned.
- Pregnant women
- People over 65 years old
- Children ages 5–11
- Obese persons
- People with diabetes
- People with heart disease
- People with osteoporosis
- People with arthritis
With these thoughts in mind:
By Day 4
Post a brief description of special fitness program considerations for the population you were assigned. Describe two fitness recommendations you might make for that population and explain why. Justify your recommendations using the Learning Resources and current literature. Contrast these recommendations to fitness recommendations for a healthy adult.
ASSIGNMENT DUE SUNDAY
Assessing participants during and after participating in a fitness program is important for several reasons:
- To assess current fitness levels and compare to the previous assessments to evaluate progress
- To determine if the participant achieved his or her fitness goals
- To diagnose strengths and weaknesses of the individual for program modification
- To motivate the participant to maintain their program or to improve further
- To identify evidence of the fitness program’s effectiveness or areas that need to be modified for improvement
Ideally, each ongoing fitness assessment should be conducted under the same conditions as the baseline fitness assessment.
Using the data set provided in the Fitness Activity Instructions and Worksheet, complete the following activities:
- BMI and waist-hip circumference measurements
- 1-mile walk assessment (timed)
- Muscular endurance assessments
- Assessing flexibility
- Sit and reach test
- Shoulder flexibility test
Canadian Association of Sports Sciences (1986). Canadian Standardized Test of Fitness (CSTF) Operations Manual: Norms for muscular endurance using the sit-up test. Ottawa, Fitness and Amateur Sport, Government of Canada.
Canadian Association of Sports Sciences. (1986). Canadian Standardized Test of Fitness (CSTF) Operations Manual:Norms for muscular endurance using the sit-up test (3rd. ed). Ottowa: Fitness and Amateur Sport, Government of Canada.
Chodzko-Zajko, W., Proctor, D., Fiatarone Singh, M., Minson, C., Nigg, C.,…Skinner, J. S. (2009, July). Exercise and physical activity for older adults. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 41(7), 1510–1530.
Chodzko-Zajko, W., Proctor, D., Fiatarone Singh, M., Minson, C., Nigg, C.,…Skinner, J. S., Exercise and physical activity for older adults, in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Copyright 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. Journals. Used with permission from Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Fitness activities: Baseline fitness assessment. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Fitness activities: Muscular endurance assessments. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2012). Fitness activities: Assessing flexibility. Baltimore, MD: Author.
American College of Sports Medicine. (2012). Career resources. Retrieved from http://www.acsm.org/find-continuing-education/career-resources
American College of Sports Medicine. (2012). Chronic diseases. Retrieved from http://www.acsm.org/access-public-information/search-by-topic/search-by-topic/?RelatedTaxonId=b1bbdfca-f445-4740-a6ac-cc239dbbe1e5
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2011). Exercise during pregnancy. Retrieved from http://www.acog.org/
American Heart Association. (2012). Physical activity. Retrieved from http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/GettingHealthy/PhysicalActivity/Physical-Activity_UCM_001080_SubHomePage.jspAmericanCouncil on Exercise
Courneya, K., & McNeely, M. (2012, January). Exercise during cancer treatment. American College of Sports Medicine. Retrieved from http://www.acsm.org/access-public-information/articles/2012/01/12/exercise-during-cancer-treatment
IDEA Health & Fitness Association. (2012). Fitness programs for kids and teens. Retrieved from http://www.ideafit.com/kids-fitness/fitness-programs-for-kids-and-teens