1. What does Publius (Hamilton, Madison, and Jay) argue about ratification of the new Constitution in Federalist Nos. 1, 10, 51, and 85? Summarize each essay, and then explain how Publius presented the strengths of the proposed Constitution. In addition, summarize the dangers of not ratifying the Constitution, determining whether Publius exaggerated them in pursuit of victory, or the arguments were sound under the historical circumstances.
2. What do Brutus and John DeWitt argue in favor of defeating the proposed Constitution? Summarize the arguments of their respective essays. Then, how accurate were they in their fears of the new Constitutional system? Explain, citing examples.
3. Describe the battle for ratification. How many states were needed to put the system into effect? Why were there fears that both Virginia and New York might not ratify the Constitution? Discuss. Why did the supporters call themselves Federalists and why was this fortuitous? Who was neutral in the arguments about the new system? Explain. What was the order of ratification? List the states.
4. Hamilton famously (or infamously) argued that no Bill of Rights was needed as the Constitution only delegated specific powers to the new national government, and all others remained with the states or the people. (In essence, it would be superfluous). How necessary was the inclusion of the first ten amendments to the Constitution, both for its passage, and for its success as a system? Explain. Could you imagine the Constitution without these almost from the start? Discuss.