1. Was Reconstruction a success or a failure? Or was it something in between? In your response, consider land policy, key legislation during presidential and radical Reconstruction, Southern politics, racial and political violence, and Northern “fatigue” with Reconstruction. Be sure to make clear what you mean by success and failure.
2. What does the term “Gilded Age” mean? In what sense is Mark Twain’s term a criticism of the age?
3. Explain the controversy that the war in the Philippines and the annexation of the Philippines triggered over the relationship between political democracy, race, and American citizenship. Be sure to include an analysis of the two documents found in Voices of Freedom (Josiah Strong and Emilio Aguinaldo).